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A brain map for drugs

A brain map for drugs

SCIENCE 440 0 1 Download
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In Summary

Civilization dates back to 12000 years and since then drugs have been a part of human culture, though their exact purpose in nature isn’t for human comfort, still, they are used for recreational pushes, mainly. 

Editor Posted by Ansheed
13/01/2017

What are these drugs?

When you hear the term ‘drugs’ all it jumps into your thought might be a white power that when inhaled put you into a state of hallucination! Technically that is drug abuse in parts, but the term ‘drug’ comprehensively has a lifesaving part too. Coining a definition ‘a drug is any substance except our natural food or water, which when ingested alters the metabolism inside the body to induce some sort of effects which can be physical or psychological. So it is the mode of usage that makes it either legal or illegal. For instance, alcohol is a drug which is lawful to use however cannabis & cocaine are banned for private use.

Why someone use drugs?

This question shall be dealt in two perspectives, either the use is controlled or uncontrolled. The controlled mode of usage is quite common in medical therapies, and which is what we ingest as tablets or pills after consulting a physician. When a medical practitioner prescribes a drug it is safe and sound to use, but when we start to use without any professional guidance, it might lead to drug abuse, whose end results might put you in the coffin.  The illegal use is mainly for recreational purpose, where the active compound in the drug might induce special mental states through inhibition, channeling or promoting certain hormonal or neurological pathways. According to a recent study, it was suspected that loneliness, depression, social dilemma or even stress can force a person to use the drug, however, there is a multitude of factors that might influence this decision.

 

Interactive image: Point your mouse on the red circles to reveal the info.

 

Know major culprits of death

The justification for recreational drug use has little or no validity because pleasure exchanged through drug use always comes with a price and most of the time it might be death! But without these drugs, pharmaceutical advancement would have been just a fancy word. Extracted from plants and shrubs, these active compounds are mostly the metabolites of plants. Some common classifications are:

  1. Hallucinogens: Some common names that might ring a bell are LSD, Acid, and Trip etc. These compounds affect prefrontal cortex and act on the neurotransmitter serotonin. After using these compounds one might feel, hear or see things that aren’t actual. 
  2. Cocaine: Locally known as coke, freebase, and Charlie etc. cocaine one among major stimulant which interacts with the central nervous system. This compound enhances the natural chemical messenger dopamine, which controls the pleasure and movement.
  3. Cannabis: Made popular through the pop music, this weed is equally important for recreational users as well as for medical science. It is a hallucinogenic as well as depressants because of its active ingredient Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
  4. Amphetamines:  These are synthetic drugs affecting the Central nervous system, in the neuron signaling since the active compound has a structure similar to that of dopamine thereby mimicking the activity.
  5. Heroin: Acts on the prefrontal cortex and medial temporal lobe, whose action indeed slow down the bodily processes like heart rate, breathing, sweating etc.
  6. Ecstasy: Popularly known as ecstasy, the chemical methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) mainly known for its ability to create euphoria and elevated sensory abilities.

The awareness campaigns

Awareness to using recreational drugs are one major agenda for many health organizations. Though initially the ability to control bridle might be in your hands, later it skips to the involuntary brain, by then the recovery might only be possible through proper rehabilitation and medical care.  Multiple drug uses are common nowadays which not only cut short the road to death, it might also agitate your consciousness creating trauma even after recovery. The best possible recreation is to go with nature through meditation and exercise, however, the quest to quit drug abuse is far from being a success due to sleepy acceptance. But all major health concerned authorities like NIDA, UNODC etc. are expanding at a faster pace to safeguard the planet from drugocalpyse.