With the modern genetic tools, it’s never easy than before to resurrect extinct species to secure them a place back in our ecosystem. Scientists from Harvard are trying to bring back the Woolly Mammoth which might happen by 2019.
The genetic advancement.
Genes had always fascinated mankind, right from their discovery. Two decades back all we knew was that these genes could be the vital key to unlocking human biology, but today the unlocking is what we do, thanks to the faster technological advancements. Genetic engineering is relatively a new field of science, but its importance would keep it among the top tiers of engineering. One greatest milestone in genetic engineering was the CRISPR-CAS9 editing tool, which would revolutionise the way we perceive medical science and therapeutics. Now that ‘gene tool’ is about to make another an astonishing feat by resurrecting the long-extinct woolly mammoth back into our world. Though the scientists haven’t covered the distance, all it takes would be a leap with all these technologies in hand. Two years from now, by 2019 the mammoths could graze our land and discover the changes since they left this planet.
Back on feet.
The woolly mammoth is a 400,000-year-old extinct species that resembles the Asian elephants. With long tusks and woolly body, they grazed through the snowy forests but at some point time, nature had replaced them with today’s elephant species. A team of researchers from Harvard University led by Prof. George Church is studying the preserved carcass from Artic, which will provide with all vital clues and DNAs for resurrection. Rather than a pure breed, researchers are trying to create an elephant-mammoth hybrid by splicing the mammoth DNA into elephant embryo which will be grown inside an artificial womb. This hybrid mammoth will closely resemble an elephant but carriers a number of ancient mammoth traits. This study also helps the scientists understand the crucial part of the DNA which separated the mammoths from today’s elephant.
A solution for extinction.
Natural extinction might be the nature's answer towards survival, but with humans on the other side, it is just a matter of time before we would change the nature’s fate. With DNA technology we could preserve and protect the endangered species from being completely lost. In the mammoth project, the two main objectives are to secure the future of endangering Asian elephants and to combat the global warming, where these creatures are one great species helping the forest thrive symbiotically. But the project is a great example that we could prevent the extinction, preserve those already had, as well as resurrect them back to nature. Many extinct species might have a chance to visit the modern world, hopefully, all this might happen in a few years.