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Bringing back the brain dead to life- The controversial ‘ReAnima’ project.

Bringing back the brain dead to life- The controversial ‘ReAnima’ project.

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In Summary

Indian Council of Medical Science recently witnessed an approach to bring back the brain dead people back to life. However, the tailing controversies gave thumbs down for the project. 

Editor Posted by Ansheed

The awakening of dead.

According to medical science brain death is a situation when there are no independent bodily functions happening, but the patient survives on external medicals aids. Before pronouncing a person's brain dead Doctors might check for cortical or brainstem functions, neurological examinations, apnea or respiratory activity, etiology of brain malfunction, and finally the pupil reflex. The percentage chance for a brain dead person to recover back is merely low. But in the past May, themedical world witnessed a groundbreaking or may be a shadowy research study preparation and theannouncement by Dr. Himanshu Bansal, an orthopedic surgeon from Uttarakhand.

His research approach included treating 20 brain dead patients using a mix of two different techniques. One was the injection of mesenchymal stem cell with peptides and another one was the transcranial laser stimulation along with median nerve stimulation. In the transcranial laser stimulation technique, a pulse of faint infra-red light is emitted into the brain, whereas in the median nerve stimulation electrical signals are used to encourage the functioning of nerves from neck to arms. Both these techniques have got areputation in the past for improving the cognitive abilities, which is why they were chosen in this experiment.

A flip for success. 

The human brain is one organ in our body that scientists couldn’t fully understand yet. All the studies and researches so far barely scratch the surface of underlying facts and science. In Dr. Bansal’s experiment, he is trying to bring the patients back to a semi or minimally conscious state such that science could extract vital information to improve the study. Many cases of natural recovery had happened in the previous, where people seemed to fully recover after being pronounced brain dead. “The unique brain mechanism is enigmatic, but it might respond positively when externally initiated a repair” – says Dr. Bansal.

A red flag!

‘ReAnima’ trials has to wait longer to get sanctioned before they can go for a clinical study. Indian council of Medical Research (ICMR) had rejected the clinical trial request on November 11, 2016. Many experts share their concern that reawakening approaches might lead to a horrible trauma for patients & their family, even if they recover they might be psychologically shaken.  Some say that human brain under semi-consciousness might add more stress and mental agony for the patients, as a result the chance of success is faint. A lack of animal studies is a major drawback to support the project claim. However, more careful scrutiny and rework might offer a second for ReAnima project in future, by then the technologicalimprovement might also contribute for a better result!


Experiment to raise the dead blocked in India